Which country is the most vulnerable to the mining boom?

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Mining jobs are on the rise in China, where there is a growing interest in the technology. 

But are the jobs in Australia actually coming in?

And what will happen to jobs created?

The ABC’s Business in Asia series investigates what’s happening to jobs in the mining industry. 

Read more: Australia’s mining boom is set to expand in 2019The mining boom has been going on for years, but the numbers have jumped by more than 50 per cent in just the last three years.

China has become Australia’s second largest export market, after the United States.

The boom has also seen mining companies turn to remote locations for jobs, as well as developing more complex machinery and equipment.

There are currently 2,800 jobs in mining in China alone.

That’s up from around 700 in 2010, when there were 1,400.

But the mining sector is also a hotbed of competition in the world’s third largest economy.

“There are a lot of countries where you have a shortage of skilled labour, particularly in mining,” said Tony McLean, senior vice-president at McGowan Mining.

In the United Kingdom, there is also concern that the mining resurgence could be undermining the country’s already struggling economy.

“There is a real fear in the United Kingdoms, which is the mining economy, because the UK is a very skilled place to do work,” he said.

Mr McLean is not the only one who is worried.

Australia has been hit hard by the boom, with the unemployment rate up by more a quarter to 15.5 per cent, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

More than half of Australians who want a job do not have a job, and there are concerns about the country staying on the same path.

It has also led to the closure of hundreds of mining projects, including some in Queensland and Victoria.

Many of those workers have been laid off.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has pledged to close down the mines if he wins the 2019 federal election.

However, with more than 60 per cent of the mining workforce in China and many overseas, China’s role is more important than ever.

A lot of people in the industry are concerned about that, especially those who are currently looking for work overseas, Mr McLean said.

“We have a very young workforce in the Chinese mining industry, they’re going to be the next generation, they can be the future of Australia’s mining industry,” he added.

“The mining sector in China is the next step up in the economic ladder for the Chinese people.”